Many Romanian voivodes did not enjoy a very good reputation during their lifetime. Some of them have remained in the memory of posterity as bloodthirsty tyrants, unscrupulous sluts or sadistic criminals. Find out who the most sadistic Romanian voivodes were.
What name includes the top of the most sadistic Romanian voivodes
In some cases, historians agree that much of the infamous biography of rulers was fabricated by rivals or boyars too oppressed by the sovereign’s authority. Where there was only a legend and where there was truth, we find out in the next few minutes.
Alexander, the tyrant who opposed the hero Michael
A legendary tyrant in the history of the Romanians was Alexandru, called “the Evil One”, voivode of Wallachia between 1592-1593. He was the son of Alexandru Lăpuşneanu and came to the throne of Wallachia with huge sums of money taken from creditors and placed with Ottoman officials, who, in turn, put a good word for him to the sultan. The reign of Alexandru cel Rău coincides with the raising of the money of Craiova Mihai, the future lord Mihai Viteazul.
Mihai was the hero, and Alexandru played the role of the tyrant. Alexander the Great had begun to torment the country to pay his creditors, and like any lord who wished to overthrow his rivals, he would kill the boyars without much judgment. The chronicles of the time say of him that “he cut off the boyars like cattle, and reigned like a tyrant and like a heathen.” At the same time, the chronicler Radu Popescu says that he tried to kill even Mihai Viteazul for no reason.
The “evil” voivode was firing, firing his cannon at the church
One of the most despised voivodes of Muntenia was Mihnea, called “the Evil One”. He, probably an illegitimate son of Vlad the Impaler or a gunman from Manesti, took the throne in 1508 after Radu the Great, being preferred by the Turks. Although he ruled for only one year, the chronicles abound in negative references to the voivode. What was most shocking were Mihnea’s actions against the clergy and the Church, which was considered a sacrilege in the Middle Ages.
“He cut off the noses of the priests in the villages, and he was tempted and advised to burn all the abbots of all the monasteries,” it was stated in “The Life of Patriarch Niphon.” Moreover, he fired a cannon at Bistrita Monastery. At the same time, in 1509, he cut off the boyars, making all sorts of curses, as the chronicles show.
Lăpuşneanu’s pyramid of heads
Another gentleman with notoriety in terms of cruelty and murder is the voivode of Moldova Alexandru Lăpuşneanu, illegitimate son of Bogdan III, son and successor of Stephen the Great. Lăpuşneanu became known to posterity as an infamous, cruel, bloodthirsty voivode with a demonic personality.
The one who contributed decisively to this image was Constantin Negruzii, with his famous short story “Alexandru Lăpuşneanu”, inspired by a series of testimonies of the chroniclers. What is certain is that Lăpuşneanu suppressed the revolt of the boyars in blood. The massacre of the boyars in 1564 is well known, when Lăpuşneanu returned to power, temporarily expelled by Iacob Heraclid, known as Despot Voda.
Lăpuşneanu summoned, as a sign of reconciliation, the most important boyars, took them by surprise with his housemates, killed them and made a pyramid with 47 boyar heads. At the same time, the Moldavian voivode continues, in this second reign, the series of murders, directed against the boyars and also recorded by the chronicle of Azariah. However, historians say that Lăpuşneanu did not have a special passion for carnage. Moreover, he would have been forced by circumstances to give lessons and to brutally remove all intrigue.
Iliaş and Ştefan Rareş, the defunct sons of Petru Rareş
If the reign of Petru Rareş was considered a period of true splendor of Moldova, the illegitimate son of Stephen the Great being considered a worthy successor of his father, the descendants of the fisherman who became lord, reached the throne of Moldova, and to scandalize.
The first of these, Ilias II Rareş (1546-1551), who succeeded his father to the throne, was perhaps the one who most intrigued the Suceava Court. He grew up with the Turks, offered as a guarantee by his father, Petru Rareş, for the peace and good faith of the Moldovans. The chronicles kept a negative image. “On the outside you could see a flowering tree, and on the inside – a stinking lake. That he had young Turkish counselors by his side, with whom he spent the day and caressed, and the night with the whores who were fornicating, he moved away from Christian customs “, stated Grigore Ureche, in” The Chronicle of the Country of Moldova “.
In fact, he was not passionate about the weapons career or the administration. In love with life in Istanbul, the throne of Moldova seemed a chore. As proof, he fled to Istanbul, where he converted to Islam and preferred to become an official of the Ottoman Empire. His brother, Stephen VI Rareş, takes his place. But it did not make a more pleasant impression. “Very authoritarian and, above all, very debauched,” wrote the famous historian Stefan Gorovei. Because he is primarily related to the boyars’ wives and not only, the great Moldovan dignitaries plotted his death. He was killed in 1552, in the camp from Ţuţora on the Prut.
The ram merchant became the cruelest ruler of Wallachia
One of the cruelest voivodes in the history of the Romanians was Mircea Ciobanul. A former sheep seller who became the ruler of Wallachia, Mircea Ciobanul killed all those who stood in his way. He is said to have tortured many to leave them without property. Mircea Ciobanu has gone down in history as a cruel tyrant, at least from the perspective of the Wallachian nobility. He is said to have killed most of the boyars just to make sure he would not be betrayed and keep his throne.
Vlad Tepes, the sustained victim of a “media” attack
The Muntenian voivode Vlad III Drăculea, also called “Ţepeş” was portrayed by numerous chroniclers or by the Saxon epistles as a degenerate sadist, with cannibalistic habits. The reputation of a cruel and bloodthirsty leader, a vampire after death, a restless and bloodthirsty spirit, because of the curses he has committed throughout his life, has remained in the European mentality to this day.
Used as a source of inspiration for the famous novel “Dracula”, Vlad the Impaler still remains the image of the cruel vampire in the Balkans. Especially the Saxons from Braşov and its surroundings propagated a whole history of sadism to Vlad Ţepeş, with stories in which the Muntenian man was depicted consuming human flesh, killing infants and innocent people.
These stories came to be printed in medieval Germany. At the same time, the voivode was accused of genocide, saying that on one occasion he killed 25,000 people from several nations for no reason. The cruel deeds of the Muntenian voivode are also described in the Slavic stories, with the difference that, in them, the cruelty is relatively justified by his excessive love for order and justice.
At the same time, the voivode was accused of genocide, saying that on one occasion he killed 25,000 people from several nations for no reason. The cruel deeds of the Muntenian voivode are also described in the Slavic stories, with the difference that, in them, the cruelty is relatively justified by his excessive love for order and justice.
Romanian specialists believe that Vlad the Impaler was the victim of a medieval “media” lynching. Those who took revenge on the Muntenian voivode by slandering him were the Saxons, with the support, in some cases, the culmination of Matei Corvin, the king of Hungary. The Saxons would have invented and spread these stories precisely because the voivode of Muntenia cut off their commercial privileges through Wallachia. In fact, the imprisonment of Ţepeş was also based on a false letter, which the voivode of Muntenia allegedly sent to the Ottoman sultan. From here to the image of the vampire was a relatively short journey.