Neon Genesis Evangelion is one of the most popular animes of all time (which you can watch on Netflix with German dub), also because of the cool giant robots.
In addition, the Gundam franchise has enjoyed huge popularity for decades – there are entire shops with kits in Japan.
Even in Hollywood you see them on every corner. In Edge of Tomorrow there is a war against aliens called “Mimics”. So that humanity has any chance at all, it has developed mechanical combat suits in which Tom Cruise and Emily Blunt can give extraterrestrial asses a good beating.
In Fallout, players mount so-called power armor with which they can take on wild ghouls and deathclaws. The principle is similar.
But how realistic are such manned robots actually? Surely something like that isn't possible, right? But one after anonther.
The story of the manned robot
The idea came up as early as 1868 when the author Edward S. Ellis
The Steam Man of the Prairies wrote. Jules Verne with
The Steam House and HG Wells with
The War of the Worlds followed suit (even if the tripods are manned by aliens and not humans).
From 1931 onwards, Japan took the mecha scepter into its hand. Published this year
Ōgon Bat as Kamishibai, a type of play performed on the street, with an evil large robot as the antagonist. With
Atomic Power Android The hero finally took the wheel in his hands in 1948. From then on, the success of the mechas never stopped.
Giant robots are also very popular in video games. The celebrated MechWarrior series alone has brought twelve games onto the market since 1989, most recently the fifth part of the main series in 2019. Not forgetting the Power Armors in the Fallout series.
But does something like that actually exist?
Japan is already producing mechas
Tsubame Industries, a start-up in Tokyo, has already introduced human-controlled robots, but see for yourself:
Link to YouTube content
Archax is four and a half meters tall and weighs three and a half tons. The mecha has an upright robot mode and can transform into a vehicle to travel at almost 10 km/h. The video also shows the cockpit with three screens, which looks very futuristic.
Cost: $3 million per mecha. Founder Yoshida plans to initially only sell five robots.
However, Archax is not intended for fightingbut should primarily be used in disaster relief and possibly in space.
The question arises: Are fights with mechas even possible?
That's what experts say
In a 2021 article, Wired interviewed industry experts such as mechanical engineers and robot designers on the topic – and their answers are as detailed as they are interesting.
The mecha in the picture is on Odaiba in Japan. When we think of giant robots, we basically think of humanoid forms, but they are actually quite impractical.
According to the expert in the interview, the immense weight of all the mechas alone would destroy the ground beneath them. Concrete would simply crumble and natural soil has too different properties for the mecha to walk on safely – there is a risk of tipping over.
To counteract this, there are three options: Huge metal clown shoes that distribute the weight better, significantly more legs like centipedes, or chains that pull the mecha, like the Shagohod from Metal Gear Solid 3.
Piloting such a vehicle would be hell for the pilots because our bodies couldn't withstand the constant shaking and shaking for a long time. That's why drivers only operate industrial or demolition vehicles for a few years at most, so that their bodies are not harmed.
The Wired article concludes that mechas are not suitable for combat. There are too many questions about pilot safety and physics as such for giant robots to be truly operational.
Experts see their use more in disaster relief or large-scale terraforming, tasks that require large machines.
So let's marvel at the sheer opulence and coolness of robots like the Odaiba Gundam and leave fighting mechas in fiction.
The Odaiba Gundam is impressive, especially in motion
Speaking of building with robots: An Australian company is showing the way.
Did you know that the first machines were used in ancient times? At that time they were primarily used for show purposes in plays. In a story, “Deus ex machina” describes the last-second rescue that seemingly comes out of nowhere and literally means “God from the machine.” This can be traced back to those Greek plays where the god from the machine saved the day.